The Chinese Manned Space Agency (CMSA) recently released an announcement to openly select projects for science and technology experiments and applications from the country as a whole to board the Tianzhou cargo spacecraft. The project application is open to government organizations, research institutes, educational institutions, companies and industrial groups.
Any project that faces the frontier of science and technology, meets the requirements of the national development strategy and the trend of the development of science and technology, or is forward-looking, innovative or has an industrial development value can submit the application.
Tianzhou-3 and Tianzhou-2 were launched on September 20 and May 29 this year, respectively, to transport supplies and materials for the construction of the Chinese space station. The Tianzhou series of cargo spacecraft were independently developed by China. Their operating orbit does not exceed 450 km, with a maximum load of 6.5 tonnes and an in-orbit flight time of one year. The in-orbit construction of the Chinese space station is proceeding as planned. When completed, it will enter the application and development phase, with two Tianzhou spacecraft launched on average each year.
In addition to the provision of freight, they will also provide an open and shared platform for experiments and projects in the application of space science and technology. This is the first time for China’s manned space mission to open its cargo payloads to the public.
Previously, CMSA has cooperated with United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs on Chinese space station application to provide opportunities to conduct application experiments. Nine projects from 17 countries were selected, in the fields of space life sciences and biotechnology, space astronomy, microgravity fluids and combustion.
China has built 17 national pilot zones for innovative artificial intelligence (AI) development. In 2019, China began building a new generation of national pilot areas for innovative AI development, relying on local governments to carry out technology demonstrations, political pilots and social experiments. According to a document released by the Ministry of Science and Technology, China plans to build around 20 AI pilot zones by 2023.
Aiming to solve major fundamental problems of international importance and China’s national strategic needs, China has conducted scientific experiments and research in the fields of life sciences, fluids, combustion, materials sciences. and fundamental physics, as well as studies of astronomy and Earth observation, as well as verifications of new technologies for space applications, in order to improve the level of space science and achieve global benefits application.
The Chinese government has decided to implement the manned space program and prescribed the “three-step strategy” of development. The first step is to launch a manned spacecraft, mainly set up integrated experimental manned spacecraft engineering, and perform space application experiments.
The second step is to make technological breakthroughs in extravehicular activities as well as space rendezvous and docking of manned spacecraft and spacecraft, launch a space laboratory and provide a solution for the space application of a certain scale with short-term human supervision. . The third step is to establish a space station and provide a solution for a larger scale space application with long term human assistance.
As reported by OpenGov Asia, China has made great achievements in scientific and technological innovation during the period of the 13th Five-Year Plan. As China embarks on a new journey to build a modern socialist country in all respects, scientific and technological innovation will play a vital role in promoting the overall development of the country.
China has launched the Tianwen-1 mission, comprising an orbiter, lander and rover. The Zhurong rover has traveled more than 1,000 meters since it landed on Mars. The Chang’e-5 probe, comprising an orbiter, lander, ascender and turner, was also launched.